Elisabetta Vivaldi: Exploring the health and well-being of ‘Former Yugoslavian Roma’ living in ‘camps’ in Naples
This presentation is based on my on-going doctoral research consists of a discussion of emerging findings on the health and well-being of ‘Italian Roma’ living in ‘camps’ in Naples. As is well known Roma are both the largest ethnic minority community and the most discriminated against group in Europe. The level of public hostility, discrimination and social exclusion experienced by the populations are extreme both in Italy and wider Europe. In Naples, where my doctoral research is currently underway, (as in other Italian cities), Roma often face harassment and institutional discrimination, including barriers to accessing health and other services which impacts on their general wellbeing. Many Roma are not provided with appropriate legal documentation (even when born in Italy) as they are represented as ‘nomads’ with little attachment to the state, and as a consequence they are required to live in shanty ‘camps’ often on the edge of cities.
My research concerns itself with barriers to accessing housing, health, social care and facilities and the attitudes toward non-Italian Roma of service providers. Where support services do exist for camp residents, these are often provided by individual volunteers and agencies that typically do not work with Roma but impose top-down decisions and processes, and bureaucratic requirements which add to Roma subordination to the agencies who engage with them. I will present some emerging findings from my on-going research into the experiences of Roma resident on camps and their complex relationships with NGO/volunteer agencies as well as statutory services, in seeking access to fundamental necessities such as primary health care, social security income and education.
Download: Elisabetta Vivaldi poster